China has a long history of pottery. As the cultures of the East and the West met through trade, the blue and white wares from the Ming and Qing Dynasties were greeted with admiration in the Middle East and Europe, significantly influencing Western ceramics, as can be seen in the popularity of the Delftware and other Dutch blue and white ceramics. Meanwhile, low temperature fired black bricks were also produced in China and used for various civil engineering works and as building materials such as the Great Wall.
- Tile with a Design of a Phoenix
- Han Dynasty (202 BC - 220 AD)
340 × 340 × 40 (mm)
Phoenix, an imaginary sacred bird, was considered to be one of the four gods, representing south and east.
- Tile with Stamped Inscription Starting with “Qianqiuwansui”
- Excavated from Weiyang Palace Site, Xian (Ancient Changan)
Western Han Dynasty (202 BC -80 AD)
330 × 330 × 60 (mm)
An arrangement of geometric text and characters praying for longevity and prosperity.
- Ceramic Tile with Underglaze Blue Design of a Bird and Flowers
- Qing Dynasty (1616 - 1912)
Chinese blue and white ceramics were exported to the Middle East and Europe during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, becoming the origins of the popularity of blue and white tiles.